What xyz was trying to say is that most folks like me, you and xyz can smell danger from far and walk away. However, there are the vulnerable and desperate few that needs to be protected even though they have been failed by the state.
Just like the way you cant blame a 25 year old graduate that decides to go to Italy as sex slave locked into an unreasonable contract with a Madame, you can't also blame a 25 year old that decides to sign dodgy contract with Andela. These two have something in common - they are both vulnerable and are victims of circumstances. Out of desperation, anyone can sign anything but it is left for people like you and me to cry "Wolf" when we see one.
The reason why most countries legislate against practices like this is because Andela believes their training is work $15K which is very subjective and the user can believe that training is worth just $500. Is there an independent Employment tribunal to fight the corner of the employee when he gets a job offer with TotalFinaElf and Andela refuses to give him his much needed reference because they believe he owes them $15K?
This is similar our initial 25 year old female graduate that gets to Italy and then discovers that she has to service 20 men a night and wants to opt out but Oga Madam says she owes her $70K and wont release her passport. However our dear friend is willing to pay back the $600 flight money and $125 visa fees.
Another point you also need to consider is that when Andela decides to layoff staff, will this employee be given 2 years notice or will Andela refund him $25K for wasting his time?
In the civilised world of Andela's investors, by Law internal training is free as it is for the benefit of the company and if there is a cost attached (usually external trainings and certifications) to it, the employee has the right to opt out. It is because of these stringent employee protection laws that BPO customers goes to India, Philippines, Malaysia and countries that there are no systems in place to protect the employees. Now it looks like the ship is now sailing towards Nigeria.
To get this right, I have nothing against Andela or BPOs as a business but it is important that we cry Wolf when we see one. I even supported BPOs coming to Nigeria before Andela existed in the comments of this post when I even pointed out to Iyin on how InfoSys made StanbicIBTC fire a whole floor of Nigerian staff to be replaced by Indian BPO Zombies...
But what I don't like is the way Andela is disguising exploitation as an advantage for Nigeria...